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7/13/24

Treatment Options for Bladder Cancer - Medical Animation

 

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Treatment Options for Bladder Cancer - Medical Animation
MEDICAL ANIMATION TRANSCRIPT: You or someone you care about may have been recently diagnosed with bladder cancer. This video will help you understand some of the available treatment options. The most common type of bladder cancer called urothelial carcinoma or transitional cell carcinoma is a disease where cancer cells form in the tissue lining the inside of the bladder. Treatments for bladder cancer may include one or more of the following: surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. There are two main types of surgery for bladder cancer. The first type is called transurethral resection of bladder tumor or TURBT with fulguration, for early stage cancer. During this procedure, a lighted tube called a cystoscope will be inserted into your bladder. Then, the tumor will be removed with a wire loop. Remaining tumor tissue may be burned away in a process called fulguration. The second type of surgery called cystectomy is for cancer that has spread into the bladder wall. During a partial cystectomy, the part of your bladder wall containing a small tumor will be removed. After this type of surgery, your remaining bladder may not be able to hold as much urine. You may need to urinate more often. In a radical cystectomy, all of your bladder will be removed if the tumor is large or is in more than one part of the bladder. Nearby tissues such as lymph nodes will also be removed. In men, the prostate and seminal vesicles will be removed. And in women, the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and part of the vagina will often be removed. If your bladder is removed, a piece of your intestine can be used as a passageway for urine to drain out of your body. It will drain through an opening in your abdomen and into a small bag or the intestine can be shaped into a small pouch to store the urine before it passes through the opening in your abdomen. In this case, you will put a small tube called a catheter into the opening to empty urine from the pouch. Or if your urethra was preserved, a new bladder can be built from a piece of intestine so urine can pass out of your body in the usual way. Another treatment option is radiation therapy. It uses radiation to kill the cancer cells or keep them from growing. External beam radiation uses a machine outside the body that aims radiation at the cancer. Internal radiation therapy uses a radioactive source that gives off radiation. The radioactive source is put inside the body into or near the cancer. Chemotherapy uses certain drugs to kill cancer cells or stop their growth. These drugs may be administered intravenously to treat cancer cells throughout the whole body, or via a catheter to treat cancer cells inside the bladder. The way the chemotherapy is administered will depend on how advanced the bladder cancer is. Immunotherapy helps your immune system fight cancer. Cancer can sometimes hide from the immune cells that attack them. For example, both cancer and immune cells may have proteins called checkpoint proteins. If these proteins attach, the immune cell won't attack the cancer cell. Some immunotherapy drugs for bladder cancer block the checkpoint proteins from attaching to each other. As a result, the immune cell can attack and destroy the cancer cell. Another example of immunotherapy is called BCG. It's made of a type of bacteria in a solution. BCG is put inside your bladder where it sets off a response that kills cancer cells. If you have questions about bladder cancer or any medications you have been prescribed, talk to your doctor. It is important to take your medications as directed, and report any side effects you may have.

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What attorneys say about MLA and The Doe Report:
"This past year, your company prepared three medical illustrations for our cases; two in which we received six figure awards; one in which we received a substantial seven figure award. I believe in large part, the amounts obtained were due to the vivid illustrations of my clients' injuries and the impact on the finder of fact."

Donald W. Marcari
Marcari Russotto & Spencer, P.C.
Chesapeake, VA
"Thank you for the splendid medical-legal art work you did for us in the case of a young girl who was blinded by a bb pellet. As a result of your graphic illustrations of this tragic injury, we were able to persuade the insurance company to increase their initial offer of $75,000.00 to $475,000.00, just short of their policy limits.

We simply wanted you to know how pleased we were with your work which, to repeat, was of superlative character, and to let you know that we would be more than willing to serve as a reference in case you ever need one. Many thanks for an extraordinary and dramatic depiction of a very serious injury which clearly "catapulted" the insurance company's offer to a "full and fair" amount to settle this case."

Philip C. Coulter
Coulter &Coulter
Roanoke, VA

"I wanted to take some time out to let you know what a wonderful job you did with the 'collapsed lung/fractured rib' illustrations. They were both detailed and accurate. My medical expert was comfortable working with them and he spent at least an hour explaining to the jury the anatomy of the lungs, the ribs and the injuries depicted in the illustrations. Needless to say, the jury was riveted to the doctor during his testimony.

The jury returned a verdict for $800,000.00 and I'm sure we would not have done so well if not for the visualizations we were able to put forth with your assistance. Lastly, my special thanks to Alice [Senior Medical Illustrator] who stayed late on Friday night and patiently dealt with my last minute revisions."

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Proner & Proner
New York, NY

"Your firm is great to work with and, most importantly for me, you get the job done on time and with the utmost professionalism. You should be proud of all those you employ, from KJ to Ben B. I've been especially pleased over the years with the work of Brian and Alice, both of whom seem to tolerate my idiosycratic compulsion to edit, but I've not found a bad apple in the bunch (and, as you know, I've used your firm a bunch!). I look forward to our continued professional relationship."

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Kenneth Allen & Associates
Valparaiso, IN

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